If you plan to collect storm water for use, proper stormwater management is essential. This includes stormwater treatment. You will likely want to look into stormwater filters to prevent stormwater pollution. However, it is important to note that there are several different kinds of stormwater filters. You will likely want to do a bit of research to find the most appropriate kind of filter for your specific situation.
It is important to note that there are several different kinds of pollution you need to be on the watch for. Point source water pollution refers to contaminants that enter a particular waterway from a single, identifiable source, such as a pipe or ditch.
In contrast, nonpoint source pollution refers to multi source water contamination that does not originate from a single, specific source. It can be a cumulative effect of small amounts of contaminants gathered from a large area. Visible floating pollutants, or macroscopic pollution are often called “floatables” in an urban stormwater context,or marine debris if found on large bodies of water. Interestingly, macroscopic pollutants are quite common in regards to storm water: candy and food wrappers, cigarette butts, and discarded paper are three of the most common waste materials caught by storm drain filters.
There are also several different kinds of filters you will want to consider. For example, you may want to consider a drop inlet spillway. One of the advantages to drop inlet spillways is that once water enters the spillway, it is totally contained and does not rely on local soil conditions for erosion resistance. You might also consider a catch basin insert. A catch basin insert traps hydrocarbons and other contaminants such as metals, sand, silt, trash, and debris from stormwater runoff. A catch basin insert is quite simple and very easy to install. Overall, a catch basin insert can be a great option. However, it is important to note that each kind of option for filtration presents unique advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, you will want to do some research to find the best kind of filter to meet your needs.